Marie Antoinette, baptised Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna (2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793)
born an Archduchess of Austria, was Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792.
She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor.
After the revolutionaries placed the royal family under house arrest in Paris,
an attempt to flee (the flight to Varennes) had disastrous effects on French popular opinion:
Her husband Louis XVI was deposed and the monarchy abolished on 21 September 1792;
the royal family was subsequently imprisoned at the Temple Prison.
Nine months after her husband's execution, Marie Antoinette was herself tried,
convicted by the Revolutionary Tribunal of treason to the principles of the revolution,
and executed by guillotine on 16 October 1793.
Her death and plots inspired many of those who fought for conservative ideas associated with religion and royal government
specially in Vendee and helped the return of much of these ideas in 19th century Europe following the Congress of Vienna in 1815.
waterbased painting on a sheet of ivory
frame chips of ivory, lnlay of nacre
no backside information
Condition paintings: excellent
Dimension frame vertically: 104 mm
Inner dimension ring: 46 mm
The frame has been damaged at the lower right hand side.
The ivory side panel is broken and partly missing.
stock number 444